Utilization of Emergency and Hospitalization Care after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease
This retrospective follow-up study explored the status of patients with myocardial infarction with regard to the likelihood of being readmitted to the hospital within 30 days after undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and their survival status within one year of the procedure.The rate of readmission within 30 days was 10.7% (167/1,575), primarily due to surgical wound infection (11.3% of readmission cases), ischemic heart disease (10.3%), and heart failure (8.7%). The readmission group consisted mainly of older males with a high comorbidity index. No significant differences existed between the two groups with regard to case distribution, hospital level, tenure of physicians, or teaching status of the hospitals. Most subsequent emergency department visits one month after surgery involved older male patients with a high comorbidity index. Compared to patients in the non-emergency group, those in the emergency group had longer hospital stays but lower mortality rates. Males constituted a higher proportion of survivors at one year post CABG, with age and comorbidity index being the primary variables affecting the risk of death.The National Health Insurance may adopt the policy of increasing payments for medical institutions that avoid readmission within 30 days post CABG in order to encourage better patient care and avoid the costs associated with readmission.