Two Cases of Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia Effectively Treated with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Addition to Favipiravir and Corticosteroid.

Case 1: A 65-year-old man with novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) complicated with acute respiratory failure. On admission, the patient was started on favipiravir and corticosteroid. However, due to a lack of significant improvement, he was introduced to mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Although iliopsoas hematoma occurred as a complication, the patient recovered. Case 2: A 49-year-old man with COVID-19 had been started on favipiravir and corticosteroid. Due to progressive respiratory failure, the patient underwent mechanical ventilation and ECMO. The patient recovered without complications. We successfully treated these severe cases with a multimodal combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological supportive therapy.

as reported in: Shinoda M, Kamachi K, Ota S, Yoshimatsu L, Boku R, Yoshida Y, Hirouchi T, Shinada K, Sato T, Morikawa M, Iwata K, Matsumoto T, Shinkai M. Intern Med. 2021:60(1):123-130. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.