[Autoimmune hemolytic anemia in emergency department]

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is an uncommon disease that can be challenging to manage both for the emergency department physician and the general practitioner. The diagnosis is based on specific biological changes and on a positive direct Coombs test. Depending on the severity of the anemia and its clinical impact, an urgent blood transfusion can be required. However, ABO blood group typing and antibody screening may be impaired by autoantibodies. In case of vital need, a transfusion of ABO, Rh D and, if possible, C, c, E, e and Kell antigen matched red cells can be performed, before the complete achievement of the pre-transfusion testing. Further management includes the introduction of immunosuppression and the treatment of a possible underlying disease. Early contact with the hematologist, is strongly recommended.

as reported in: Rev Med Suisse. 2020 Nov 11; 16(714): 2183-2187