CASE

Central Nervous System Toxoplasmosis and Cytomegalovirus Colitis in an Asymptomatic HIV Positive Patient.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated opportunistic infections are complications of patients with advanced HIV infection who are unaware of their disease or non-compliant with antiretroviral therapy. HIV patients with low CD4 count, generally less than 200 cells/μL, are at risk of developing opportunistic infections. We report a case of a 53-year-old male diagnosed with opportunistic infections, and cytomegalovirus (CMV). His initial presentation was central nervous system Toxoplasmosis and he later developed CMV colitis. Both are consequences of his undiagnosed advanced HIV status. The patient was promptly treated with appropriate medications for both conditions. The patient's HIV status is well controlled with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and his CD4 count is improving. It further exhibits the significance of adequate screening protocols and the importance of early treatment for HIV patients.

as reported in: Emuze BO, Jain MS, Luvsannyam E, Bhaya P, Vaquero C. Cureus. 2021 Sep:13(9):e17683. doi: 10.7759/cureus.17683.