A case of fatal myxedema coma with electrocardiogram Osborne J-wave in a patient initially diagnosed with hypothyroidism

Myxedema coma is a life-threatening endocrine emergency with a high mortality rate resulting from severe insufficiency of thyroid hormones. Intravenous levothyroxine replacement is considered the standard therapy for myxedema coma in many countries. In Japan, however, although there are diagnostic criteria highly suggestive or diagnostic for myxedema coma, no management strategy has been established, despite the availability of levothyroxine. Here we report a 75-year-old man with a history of Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia who developed somnolence and generalized edema. Except for a pulse rate of 60 bpm, his vital signs and blood oxygen level were stable. Thyroid studies showed an elevated serum thyrotropin level of 219.2 N

as reported in: Endocr J. 2022 Apr 9 [Epub ahead of print]